Protecting People from Threats to Health

JSNA LogoThe World Health Organisation (WHO) states that ‘it is every child’s right to live free from vaccine preventable disease’. The widespread implementation of immunisation programmes over the past 30 years has led to remarkable achievements. Yet evidence shows that there are still groups of children and young people who are at risk of not being fully immunised within our city.
A PDF document of this theme is available to download from the Resources tab below.

Please click on the tabs below to display each section:


Marmot recommendations: A - "Give every child the best start in life" ; F - "Strengthen the role and impact of ill health prevention"

Health protection includes (but is not confined to) communicable disease, environmental health hazards/contamination and extreme weather conditions. This theme includes the following topics:

  • Infectious disease – including Port Health and Food Health and Safety as well as immunisations information
  • Other health risks – including environmental health, emergency planning for extreme weather conditions and trading standards issues

The World Health Organisation (WHO) states that ‘it is every child’s right to live free from vaccine preventable disease’. 
As Southampton is a port city there are particular threats to health posed by the large scale movements of goods and people through the port.



Department of Health (2004). Hepatitis C Action Plan for England. London, Department of Health. [Accessed 16/09/2013] Available from:
Department of Health (2006) Immunisation against Infectious disease “The Green Book”. Dept of Health (updated version) available at:
Department of Health (2009) Healthy Child Programme: Pregnancy and the first five years of life. London; Dept of Health
Department of Health (2009) Healthy Child Programme: from 5-19 years old. London; Dept of Health Health Protection Agency (2005a) Core Curriculum for Immunisation Training. Available at:
Harris RJ, Ramsay M, Hope VD, Brant L, Hickman M, Foster GR et al (2011). Hepatitis C prevalence in England remains low and varies by ethnicity: an updated evidence synthesis. Eur.J.Public Health. 2011, Jun 26. [Epub]
Health Protection Agency (2005) National Minimum Standards for Immunisation Training. Available at:
Health protection Agency (2011) Hepatitis C in the UK. Available at:
Hill et al (2003) Specialist vaccination advice and pockets of resistance to MMR vaccination: lessons from an outbreak of measles. Communicable Disease and Public Health. Dec 2003, Vol 6 pp 330-3.
Langdon, J. (2010) Childhood Immunisation Best Practice Guidance. Southampton City PCT
Le Touze (2009) Hepatitis C Virus in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight: A Health Needs Assessment
National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (2009) Reducing differences in the uptake of immunisations (included targeted vaccines) among children and young people aged under 19 years. London; NICE
Nursing and Midwifery Council (2008) Code: Standards of Conduct for Nurses and Midwives. London
Oxford Vaccine Group (2010) Immunisation Competency Assessment tool. University of Oxford
Peckham et al (1989) Towards better immunisation rates. Practitioner, Oct 1989, Vol 233, pp 1343-4.
Samad et al (2006) Incomplete immunisation uptake in infancy: maternal reasons. Vaccine, Nov 2006, Vol 24, pp 6823-9. Epub.
The Hepatitis C Trust
Dame Deirdre Hine (2010) Report The 2009 Influenza Pandemic: An independent review of the UK response to the 2009 influenza pandemic [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed May 2013]
Dept of Health [2011] UK Influenza Pandemic Preparedness Strategy 2011, DH available at: [Accessed May 2013]
Dept of Health [2012] Health and Social Care Influenza Pandemic Preparedness and Response Best Practice Guidance, DH available at: [Accessed May 2013]
HIOWLRF [2012] Hampshire and Isle of Wight Community Risk Register 2012 [Accessed May 2013]
Southampton City Council, Southampton Risks [2012] available at: 
Southampton City Primary Care Trust [2010] H1N1 Key Recommendations Report v1.6, E Lester [2010]
Cabinet Office [2012] Emergency Response and Recovery: Non statutory guidance accompanying the Civil Contingencies Act 2004 – 4th edition, available at [Accessed May 2013]