Southampton Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA)

JSNA LogoThe Joint Strategic Needs Assessment (JSNA) is an assessment of the current and future health and social care needs of Southampton’s population. The resources on this website should help professionals, services and communities themselves to improve the health and wellbeing of the city’s population through clear identification of local needs.

The JSNA is grouped into nine themes; the key needs identified from each theme are summarised below. The menu on the left-hand side of the page can be used to navigate to the theme of interest or the JSNA search facility at the bottom of the page can be used to find information about a particular topic, disease or population group.

Information about the JSNA process is available in the background section whilst data tables, charts and maps can be accessed via the data compendium pages.

Please note: some sections of this website are still under construction, so information may be missing in places. As a dynamic resource, updates are being continually uploaded, so please check back regularly.

JSNA key needs - select a theme from the list below:

Theme 1: Improving Economic Wellbeing

  1. Improve economic wellbeing of the population especially those most vulnerable and with very low household incomes is the key to narrowing health and social care inequalities.

  2. There is a need to maximise family incomes and mitigate the impact of poverty on children and young people.

  3. Helping people to access good quality and energy efficient housing that is both affordable and meets their needs.

More detailed information and data can be found on the improving economic wellbeing page.

Theme 2: Improving Mental Health

  1. There is a need to reduce the occurrence and severity of common mental health problems by improving wellbeing for people at higher risk.

  2. Improving the life expectancy and the physical health of those with severe mental illness and improving the recognition of mental health needs in the treatment of all those with physical conditions and disabilities.

  3. To provide the best health and social care support for adults and older people to remain active, engaged and free from isolation especially those with dementia.

More detailed information and data can be found on the improving mental health page.

Theme 3: Parenting, Childhood and Adolescence

  1. Provide children and young people with a good start in life through integrating health and care services in Southampton.

  2. The Health and Wellbeing Board should promote the development of a child poverty strategy for Southampton (as recom.ended by the Children’s Commissioner).

  3. Reducing health and developmental inequalities must be a priority for those young children identified as vulnerable, ensuring the approach supports “proportionate universalism”.

  4. Service providers should identify new ways of engaging with disadvantaged groups of women pre-conceptually and during pregnancy to support them to make healthy choice in recognition of their social circumstances.

More detailed information and data can be found on the Parenting, Childhood and Adolescence section.

Theme 4: Taking Responsibility for Health

  1. There is a need to develop and implement a cross-agency, comprehensive tobacco control plan for the city to reduce the addictive damage caused by tobacco.

  2. To tackle obesity there is a need to identify and implement healthy lifestyle behaviours that will lead to improved diet and physical activity. This should be done across a range of settings where people live and work.

  3. We need to tackle alcohol harm and prevent damage to health and wellbeing at individual, family, community and city levels.

More detailed information and data can be found on the taking responsibility for health page.

Theme 5: Living with Long Term Conditions (LTCs) & Maximising Quality of Life

  1. There is a need to extend person centred care to better support people with LTCs and proactively manage diseases including cancer to improve health, wellbeing and quality of life.

  2. There is a need for better co-ordination and promotion of services which support people with disabilities, including learning disabilities, and their carers.

  3. Individuals with dementia and their families/carers need better support to maintain a normal life as long as it is safe for them to do so. There is also a need to achieve accurate early diagnosis of dementia.

More detailed information and data can be found on the living with long term conditions page.

Theme 6: More Years, Better Lives & End of Life Care

  1. In order to support the increasing number of people living longer we need to enable individuals to live as independent and active lives as possible in their own homes.

  2. We need to celebrate the fact that more people are living longer and maximise the opportunities for older people to contribute to society.

  3. There is a need for better support for people at the end of their life; public awareness and discussion around deaths and dying needs to be increased and people should be able to express their preferences around end of life care and place of death.

More detailed information and data can be found on the more years, better lives page.

Theme 7: Creating a Healthier Environment

  1. There is a need to facilitate a modal shift away from the private car to more sustainable and active transport. This should be done through enabling and promoting greater uptake and use of public transport, cycling and walking for all trip purposes.

  2. The quality and quantity of green space in the city is vital for improving the mental and physical wellbeing of all people; a green infrastructure plan for the city should be developed.

More detailed information and data can be found on the creating a healthier environment page.

Theme 8: Improving Safeguarding for Children & Vulnerable Adults

  1. There is a need to provide confidence that children and young people are safe from abuse, neglect and other harm.

  2. The care and support needs of children in care must be met and their health and wellbeing enhanced.

  3. There is a need to ensure that the city’s most vulnerable adults are safe from abuse and other harm.

More detailed information and data can be found on the improving safeguarding page.

Theme 9: Protecting People from Threats to Health

  1. To reduce vaccine preventable diseases we must continue to drive up coverage of routine childhood immunisations. NHS providers should be encouraged to publish their staff coverage of seasonal flu immunisation to ensure patients are protected.

  2. There is a need to ensure that hazards (ranging from relatively minor outbreaks and contaminations to full-scale emergencies) are prevented as far as possible and threats to health mitigated.

  3. There is a need to maintain critical infrastructure for regulatory services to ensure the necessary environmental health, port health and trading standards checks can be carried out.

More detailed information and data can be found on the protecting people page.

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